Everything I Need to Know I Learned in the Forest notes

Everything I Need to Know I Learned in the Forest notes

Everything I Need to Know I Learned in the Forest notes for second puc. Everything I Need to Know I Learned in the Forest question and answer.

In this post we will learn questions and answers from Everything I Need to Know I Learned in the Forest lesson for PUC second year exam.

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everything i need to know i learned in the forest question and answer

Comprehension I

1. Trace the childhood experiences that shaped the author’s interest in ecology.

Ans: Vandana Shiva’s father was a forest conservator and her mother was a farmer. Her ecological journey started in the forests of the Himalayas. She learnt most of what she knew about ecology from the Himalayan forests.

2. How does the scarcity of water, fodder and fuel, affect women?

Ans: Scarcity of water, fodder and fuel make women walk longer distances for collecting water and firewood. It was a heavy burden on them.

3. What features of the ‘Chipko’ movement does the author highlight?

Ans: Vandana Shiva highlights three aspects of the Chipko movement. They are:

1. Non-violent response to the large-scale deforestation in the Himalayan.

2. The peasant women who had come out in defence of the forests.

3. These women knew the real value of forests.

4. The real value of forest for women was?

(a) timber from dead trees.      (b) source of basic need.      (c) springs and streams.

Ans: (b) source of basic need.

5. List the activities of Vandana which she undertook after her involvement with the ‘Chipko’ movement.

Ans: Vandana Shiva became a volunteer for the Chipko movement. She spent every vacation doing padayatra documenting the deforestation and the work of the forest activists.

6. The conservation of biodiversity in agriculture leads to

(a) an increase in the quantity of food production.

(b) developing a variety of food grains.

(c) more quality food and higher nutrition.

Ans: (c) more quality food and higher nutrition.

7. Why is it important to change fossil fuel and chemical-based monoculture?

Ans: Vandana Shiva started the “Navdanya” movement for biodiversity conservation and organic farming. Because it is the answer to the food and nutrition crisis. It also increases soil fertility and prevent environmental pollution.

Notes of the lesson Everything I Need to Know I Learned in the Forest

8. What prompted the UN to initiate a discussion on the rights of Mother Earth?

Ans: The United Nations general assembly inspired by the constitution of Ecuador that has recognised the “Rights of Nature” and the universal declaration of the rights of mother Earth.

9. The conference organized by the UN General Assembly aimed at transforming the domination of

(a) people over nature.     (b) men over women.     (c) rich over the poor.     (d) all the above.

Ans: (a) people over nature.

10. What, according to the author, is eco-apartheid? Why is it important to end this?

Ans: Eco-apartheid is discriminating the nature of human beings. Man sees nature as separate and treats it very badly. He forgets that he is a part of the environment. Eco-apartheid must be stopped; otherwise nature will cruelly destroy us. If we protect nature, it protects us.

11. What event in human history marked the beginning of the separation of humans from nature?

Ans: The industrial revolution marked the beginning of the separation of humans from nature.

12. How do the views of Carolyn Merchant differ from that of Francis Bacon? Ans: Francis Bacon said that science and scientific inventions not merely exert a gentle guidance over nature’s course but also have the power to conquer and to shake her to her foundations. But Carolyn Merchant said that one does not readily slay a mother, dig into her entrails for gold, or mutilate her body.

Important questions of everything i need to know i learned in the forest

13. What ideas of Tagore inspired the author to start Earth University?

Ans: Rabindranath Tagore started a learning center in Shantiniketan, as a forest school. Because the forest is a source of knowledge and freedom. It teaches us unity and compassion. It makes us to think about the value of nature. So Vandana got inspired by all these values of Rabindranath Tagore to start the Earth university.

14. How are unity and diversity related to each other?

Ans: The forest culture is a symbol of unity in diversity and is the basis of both ecological sustainability and democracy. The author asserts that unity and diversity are interrelated because diversity without unity becomes the source of conflict and contest, and unity without diversity becomes the ground for external control.

Comprehension II

1. How did the women led by Bachni Devi put of resistance felling of trees? Do you think it was effective?

Ans: Bachni Devi led the resistance against her own husband. Because he had obtained a contract to cut trees. When officials arrived, the women held up lanterns in broad daylight and said to the foresters that they had come to teach them forestry and sang about the uses of forest in the form of songs. Yes, it was effective.

2. Why is it important to promote the biodiversity of intensive farming? How did the author achieve it?

Ans: Bio-diversity also helps to produce more food and nutrition per acre and reduces malnutrition and improves human health. Vandana Shiva learnt the protection of biodiversity. She started saving seeds from farmers’ fields. So, she started the “Navdanya farm” in 1994. She conserved and grew 630 varieties of rice and 150 varieties of wheat.

2nd puc english everything i need to know i learned in the forest notes

3. “Rights of Nature” means

(a) the right of people to use nature.     (b) the duty of human beings to conserve nature.

(c) preserving nature for self-protection.

Ans: (b) the duty of human beings to conserve nature.

4. What does the idea of the Earth University convey? how is it different from other universities?

Ans: The Earth university promotes freedom for all species to live. It also promotes the responsibility of humans to protect and preserve all the species on Earth. Humans have to think that all the species are equal to them and share food and water equally. It promotes the “Live and Let Live” culture among all species. The Earth University stands apart from other universities because teaching does not take place within the four walls, but in the nature of the ‘Navadhanya’.

Comprehension III

1. “Tagore saw unity with nature as the highest stage of human evolution.’ Do you think consumerism and accumulation of wealth come in the way of realizing Tagore’s vision of human evolution?

Ans: Yes, I think conservation and accumulation of wealth comes in the way of realizing Tagore’s vision of human evolution.

2. “The conservation of biodiversity is the answer to the food and nutrition crisis.” Discuss? Ans: Yes, I agree with the above point if we conserve bio-diversity it will solve the problem of malnutrition and food crisis.

2nd puc english 4th chapter summary

3. “Conservation of diversity is crucial for the sustenance of both nature and human society.” Discuss.

Ans: Diversity helps to keep soil fertile and prevents soil erosion. Organic farming plays a dominant role in sustaining our growing population. Diversity solves the problem of nutrition crisis, it ensures the supply of basic needs of living beings like food, water, shelter etc. In the same way, organic fanning helps to conserve Bio-diversity. Organic farming is a natural farming where cow dung is used for the fertility of soil instead of chemical manures. It also protects other cattle and there would be no wastage of raw-materials because of cattle.

4. In the light of this essay how does one synthesize the wisdom of the past with the modern knowledge systems?

Ans: Wisdom of the past is no less important than modern science. Despite the tremendous progress in science, we should be grateful to past knowledge. Because ancient methods were very scientific so they preserved much of the nutrition in the food. Nowadays, chemical manures destroy the fertility of the earth and produce less nutritious food. So modern science has to go back for the past methods of cultivating land and getting the best yield.

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